Lot n°0011

- The foundation work of biomechanics.- BORELLI (Joh. Alphonsi). De Motu Animalium. Edition nova Neapolitana, a plurimis mendis repurgata, ac dissertationibus physico-mechanicis de motu musculorum et de effervescentia et fermentatione. Clarissimi viri Joh. Bernoullii, matheseos professoris Basileensis. Aucta et ornata. Neapoli, Felicis Mosca, 1734, 2 vol. petit 4°, [16]-186, [4]-187 à 494-[2], 19 planches gravées hors texte, pleine basane brune de l'époque, dos à 5 nerfs orné de caissons dorés, pièce de titre (partiellement manquante), tranches rouges (rel. frottée et épidermée, coins et coiffes usés, cachet au titre, papier bruni, faux-titre froissé). Dibner, 190 ; Horblit, 13 ; Norman, 270 ; Garrison-Morton, 762 ; Heirs of Hippocrates, 496. "Pupil of Galileo and teacher of Malpighi, Borelli's lasting fame is his dominating influence in the establishment of the Iatrophysical School of thought, which sought to interpret all physiological phenomena by the laws of mathematics and physics" (Heirs of Hippocrates). "Inspired by Harvey's mathematical demonstration of the circulation of the blood, Borelli, a trained mathematician and physicist, conceived of the body as a machine whose phenomena could be explained entirely by the laws of physics. Borelli was the first to recognise that bones were levers powered by the action of muscle, and devoted the first volume of his work to the external motions produced by this interaction, with extensive calculations on the motor forces of muscles. The second volume treats of internal motions, such as the movements of muscles themselves, circulation, respiration, secretion, and nervous activity" (Norman). "Borelli originated the neurogenic theory of the heart's action and first suggested that the circulation resembled a simple hydraulic system. He was the first to insist that the heart beat was a simple muscular contraction" (Garrison-Morton).
Estimation: 250/300€
Adjugé: 270€